Celebrating Turkey Day In Different Ways
As the story goes, the first white settlers, later called the “pilgrims,” landed near the tip of Cape Cod after crossing the Atlantic from Plymouth, England, on a small ship called the Mayflower. The first year after arriving on the new continent proved to be disastrous and only half of the passengers and crew members made it through the winter. A year later, in November 1621, the pilgrims had their first successful harvest and that called for a big celebration. They invited their native neighbors for a sumptuous meal and that was the beginning of a tradition that continues until today. Well, that’s the short version.
More historically correct would be that, although there were more Thanksgiving celebrations in the following years, it was President George Washington who first declared Thanksgiving as an official public holiday in 1789. By this, he called upon Americans to express their collective gratitude for the victorious conclusion of the war of independence. But only in 1817, the state of New York became the first to officially celebrate an annual Thanksgiving holiday. Other states followed the custom but observed it on different days. In 1863, at the height of the Civil War, President Abraham Lincoln reinterpreted the meaning of Thanksgiving as a day to remember “all those who have become widows, orphans, mourners or sufferers in the lamentable civil strife and to heal the wounds of the nation.”
From then on, Thanksgiving was scheduled for the last Thursday in November, only to be moved up a week in 1939 by President Franklin Roosevelt to help stimulate retail sales during the Great Depression. The change didn’t last long and by the time America entered into World War II, Thanksgiving was back on the old schedule, where it remains until today.
Of course, none of these former causes for celebration really matter to most of us today. It’s a holiday, one we celebrate among others during the Season. It gives us a chance to sit down for a family dinner, an occasion that is becoming increasingly rare, if not altogether extinct.
That’s the upside. From a dietary perspective, Thanksgiving can be a nightmare. It’s estimated that a typical holiday meal packs a whopping 4,500 calories and 229 grams of fat that can stick to your ribs until resolution season. “Something about the holidays makes people think it’s okay to stuff themselves full of their favorite foods,” said Bob Harper, one of the trainers on the popular TV show “The Biggest Loser. And the food is not the only problem. People overeat and then watch football or fall asleep and don’t move an inch for the rest of the day.
So, what can be done to avoid the traditional overindulging this year? For starters, people need to get a better idea how many calories they are actually going to consume before they sit down to eat. During an experiment conducted by Weight Watchers®, clients were given paper plates and asked to “map out” their Thanksgiving meal. Most were shocked to learn they had piled on food worth four days of their calorie needs in one single helping!
Having an eating strategy beforehand can make a real difference. Think of the foods you enjoy the most, whether they are appetizers, main course items or desserts. Then eat a reasonable portion of your favorites and cut back on everything else.
“I like to compare eating to the use of a credit card,” said Connie Holt, a registered dietitian and associate professor of the School of Hospitality Management at Widener University in Chester, Pa. “If I have $100 to spend on Friday, I’m not going to spend it tomorrow. I’m going to hold on to it.” The same goes for calories. If Thanksgiving is the day you let loose a little, make sure you have some lean days before and after.
Also, it helps not to think of Thanksgiving only as an occasion for eating. There are a thousand other things you can do as well. After all, this is a time to be spent with family and friends. Nothing will keep you from going outside and getting some exercise, playing ball or going on a hike. In many places, there are opportunities to walk or run competitively for charitable causes. Even helping out at a homeless shelter or a church will be more rewarding than eating yourself silly. Happy Thanksgiving everyone!